Edgar Cayce was born on March 18, 1877 in Beverly, Kentucky, a rural agricultural area of south Christian County about twelve miles south of Hopkinsville. He grew up in Beverly and finally left at the age of sixteen (in 1893). Amazingly, none of Cayce's biographers except Kirkpatrick seem to have ever visited the area. As a result, most writers give his birthplace simply as "Hopkinsville," despite the fact that any trip into town would have required a several hours' walk (we also find Cayce riding on horseback or in buggies) in each direction. This is a crucial point, since so much of Cayce's subsequent experience growing up would have been molded by the rural nature of his society and surroundings.(1) Census data from 1880 records two main occupations for the men of south Christian County: "farmer" for those who owned land, and "farm laborer" for those who did not. (Dark tobacco was then the major cash crop: today it Is burley and soybeans.) The modest landholdinas on which Cayce grew up were actually owned by Cayce's paternal grandparents. Thomas Jefferson Cayce and Sarah Thomas Cayce, Cayce's parents, Leslie Burr Cayce (1853-1937) and Carrie Elizabeth Major Cayce (1853-1926)- sold the farm a few months after the death of the grandmother in 1893 (a nationwide depression had begun, and tobacco prices had plummeted) and left Beverly for what they hoped would be greater opportunities in Hopkinsville. Besides those already mentioned. Cayce's family included four younger sisters (Annie, Mary, Ola, and Sarah) plus two more siblings who failed to survive infancy, as well as a complex extended family encompassing to some degree much of the population of Beverly. As a modem inhabitant of the area. Brooks Major, explained it to me. It would have been natural to feel more of a tie with a fifth cousin who was a neighbor than with a first cousin who lived in Chicago. Perhaps half of the people who knew Cayce in Beverly would have "counted kin" with him in this way.
Like his sisters, Cayce attended grade school in a one-room schoolhouse from 1883 to 1889, after which the school was rebuilt as the two-room Beverly Academy. An 1890 class photo shows Cayce with about fifty other white children. The Cayces' church. Liberty Christian Church (called "Old Liberty"), was nearby and was approximately the same size as the school. Several other churches. mostly Baptist. were located in the area. and much of Beverly's social life centered around church activities. Those goods which could not be made at home were mostly bought from two local general stores, where more socializing took place. Nearby were two doctors' offices and a blacksmith's shop. A Masonic lodge (Forest Lodge No. 308) met in an upper room of one of the general stores. with several of Cayce's relatives in attendance and at one point Cayce's father running the store below. The Masons could not have had many secrets in such a commmunity. Additional social events were offered by something called the Adelphians Debating and Literary Society, which organized recreational debates on such questions as whether there was "Anything to be Feared from the Growth of Catholicism in America" (the society voted no), or whether "the Government and People of America are Justifiable in Their Treatment of the Indians" (the society voted yes, apparently unmoved by the 1838-1839 passage of the Cherokee "Trail of Tears" through Christian County). Cayce's mother. and possibly his father as well. occasionally participated.(2) Other South Christian County social events to which Cayce would have been exposed included revivals and chautauqua-style lectures.
In an unpublished study of Cayce's family of origin.(3) Stephan A. Schwartz begins by reminding his readers of the temporal and geographic proximity of the U.S. Civil War. then invites us to picture an entire generation suffering from personal losses compounded by lingering antagonism toward the victorious enemy. (Christian County was split on the war issue. with Hopkinsville's Seventh Street being the traditional dividing line.) If the subject is rarely broached in Cayce literature. this is perhaps because the Cayces were Southerners whereas his biographers were Northerners. The character of Cayce's parents--another subject glossed over in the popular Cayce literature--would have been deeply affected by postwar insecurities. Assisted by two psychiatrists specializing in family issues and a psychologist specializing in post-traumatic stress syndrome (who were given Cavce's biographical details but not his name). Schwartz paints a disturbing picture. Even by the standards of the day, Cayce's father was regarded as a hard drinker and a militant racist. (Cayce drank moderately. and though sometimes his readings all but match the racism of his father,(4) at other times they affirm the "Brotherhood of Man" as an ideal instead.) Schwartz portrays the father as a failure in life who abused his family out of frustration. As for the mother, Cayce rarely discusses her, suggesting that she played a passive, codependent role in the marriage. A likely pattern would have been for Cayce to grow up fearful of his father and distrustful of his mother (for being unable to protect him), only in his later years to harbor contempt for the father and remember the mother as a long-suffering, saintly figure. Children of abusive parents are also particularly prone to dissociation. a fact which may shed considerable light on Cayce's subsequent psychic experiences. The remarkable thing about Cayce, says Schwartz, is the extent to which he managed to rise above his abusive background, ultimately achieving a relatively successful career and family life. I would add that Cayce's religious upbringingaugmented his already considerable natural creativity and drive with a certain introspective tendency. coupled with a confidence that God would help him if only he would keep his half of the covenant. This is a clearly a powerful blend of attitudes. whatever one makes of the religion that inspired it.
Cayce felt an early, profound connection with nature as well as the supernatural. Both sets of his memoirs devote much attention to descriptions of the fields and woods of his childhood, and it is surely no accident that Cayce describes his opening up to nature and the supernatural almost in the same breath. For Cayce, the natural world held deep spiritual significance:
It appeared to me even then, if God had made the little birds, the trees, the flowers, the beautiful sky, and set the stars in their places ... He must be in every one of those little creatures in some manner or form.(5)In many ways Cayce's experiences can be likened to that of members of indigenous cultures. Indeed. Cayce's Beverly-whose families had mostly lived there for many generations-might easily occupy some sort of intermediate ground between truly indigenous cultures and the highly mobile American society of today. Even contemporary natives of Beverly will look on the hills. trees. and fields of the area and be moved to affirm their familiarity (and hence relation) with these natural patterns, or else remember some relative or ancestor who lived there. For them. kinship recognition is not only extended widely but also deeply, with the reality of one's ancestors constantly being reinforced by such reminders of their former presence on the earth. Numerous cross-cultural parallels can be observed between Cayce's experience and shamanism. with the caveat that the meaning and scope of the term "shamanism" is a topic of ongoing debate among specialists. For example, in Cayce we find the typical shamanic: themes of an initiatory illness. hereditary abilities, tutelage by spirit guides, ecstatic trances and visions, and narrated journeys into the spirit world in search of healing knowledge and/or personal advice.
At the risk of venturing the realm of psychology. it seems that when people live in relative isolation for extended periods, especially in a natural setting, thoughts and impulses dredged up from the mysterious depths of the unconscious often find expression in powerful ways. For example, a neighboring area in Tennessee has produced the more famous case of the Bell Witch. a spirit who haunted one particular family until its stated goals were met--the father died. and a daughter broke off her engagement. In the process, the spirit conversed with a number of visitors, including Andrew Jackson.(6) Spiritualist mediums and their audiences similarly received many such messages from the spirit world. though their contacts were seldom so malevolent. Within the Protestant fold Logan County, Kentucky (two counties away from Christian County) was the scene of great revivals in which the Holy Spirit frequently possessed participants to say and do all sorts of improbable things. ranging from barking like dogs to rolling around on the ground in convulsions. Cayce's supernatural experiences as a child and later on attracted suspicion not because such things were unknown to the good people of Beverly. but because the prevailing attitude held that these were best left alone.
Using the same glowing language with which he describes nature, Cayce recalls childhood encounters with invisible playmates who showed him around the family's tobacco-curing barn, as well as conversations with his deceased grandfather, Thomas Jefferson Cayce.(7) In life, the sir and father had seemed to possess psychic abilities:
On a number of occasions I saw him do some very unusual things that I have since learned many people attribute to the working of discarnate spirits. In conversation from time to time I heard people ask him to be present at some sort of meeting. The purposes of these meetings I did not know. I saw him move tables and other articles, apparently without any contact with the objects themselves. On such occasions he would say, "I don't know what the power is, but don't fool with it."(8)Thomas Jefferson Cayce drowned in 1881 (when Edgar was four years old) after being thrown by a horse into the middle of a pond. where he was knocked unconscious. According to his memoirs, Edgar Cayce saw him go under.(9) Intriguingly, many years later Edgar Cayce would identify- his newborn grandchild, future ARE president Charles Thomas Cayce, as the reincarnation of Thomas Jefferson Cayce.
Like most of the people he knew, Cayce looked mainly to the teachings of his church for guidance in spiritual matters. While his primary loyalty would have been to Christianity in general rather than to the Disciples of Christ in particular, the influence of his church experiences is undeniable, and few of his spiritual insights could have been entirely unmediated by this background. If we could evesdrop across time to a Sunday morning at the close of the nineteenth century. we would likely find some twenty-five to thirty souls gathered to worship at Old Liberty,. out of a total listed membership of several times that. One-third of these would consist of Cayces, while another third would consist of Majors (Edgar's mother's family). During this period ministers of the church tended to be professors at South Kentucky College in Hopkinsville, who might preach at Old Liberty twice a month. On other Sundays the pulpit would be filled by ministers from other churches. circuit-niding evangelists. or (less formally) by the church's own elders. No musical instruments of any kind were used until 1906, when a member of the congregation donated an organ over the vigorous objections of one of Cayce's grand-uncles. Church governance was congregational, with formal authority vested in a board consisting of elders. deacons. and the minister.
The service would have been typical of Protestant churches in general. with (Calvinist or Baptist) hymns. congregational prayer, a sermon, and the "Lord's Supper" celebrated every Sunday (the frequency being an important theological issue). The whole proceedings would have lasted approximately two hours. At some point a collection plate would be passed, usually on behalf of some specific cause or expense. This practice was supplemented by more direct financial appeals first to the congregation as a whole, then--if volunteers were lacking-from specific individuals, in public. After the service. people would invite one another to dinner (i.e. the midday meat), a custom of which I am pleased to have been a modem beneficiary. Some took the opportunity to discuss the sermon or other religious topics, perhaps controversial ones. Bro, who knew Cayce during 1943 and 1944, describes Cayce's recollection of this activity:
Discussing sermons was an art form of the time [the late nineteenth century], both recreational and serious. Here Edgar was not shy at all.... Not infrequently the exchanges mirrored his reading, both 'in the Bible and in the tracts and magazines which were common in the Christian Church.In addition Old Liberty offered Sunday school for children. organized Bible study for adults. and hosted a revival perhaps once a year. Brooks Major calls the years between 1878 and 1900 "the years of growth" for Old Liberty--from 85 listed members to about 150--due to the large number of new enrollments resulting from religious revivals.(11)
Should Old Liberty be regarded as conservative? Today most Disciples of Christ churches lie toward the liberal end of the Protestant spectrum. but then these are the churches which have remained after several twentieth-century schisms in which the more conservative churches broke away. (The present-day Liberty Christian Church- which is rather conservative, is an exception.) However, in Cayce's boyhood the nowfamiliar division between religious liberals and conservatives had not yet occurred. People attended Old Liberty not necessarily because they identified with a certain theological position but because their family attended. or because it was the nearest church. If its late nineteenth century outlook appears conservative by modem standards. so would that of most other churches (and people) of the period. For example, the literal truth of the various biblical myths was not only generally believed but largely taken for granted, since scientific and scholarly information to the contrary took some time to trickle down. Another example: Prior to the 1920's, the boards of Old Liberty and other churches (especially the Baptists) would censure members for such moral lapses as dninking, swearing, or cardplaying. Particularly incorrigible sinners might be "churched" (i.e.. expelled from the congregation) until they showed signs of sincere repentance. then readmitted until they relapsed. Many years later in Bowling Green. Cayce would have such proceedings brought against him for heresy. by which was meant his psychic activities He was acquitted. but banned from all leadership positions in that congregation (e.g. Sunday school teaching).
Even taking into account the fact that the Bible and Christianity were a much more pervasive part of American culture in those days. by all accounts Edgar Cayce was fascinated with religion from an early age. At ten (in 1887) he served as sexton. the first of many volunteer church positions. At twelve, Cayce resolved to read the Bible straight-through once for every year of his life, even to the extent of catching up with the twelve years that had already passed. Sure enough, when he died at the age of sixty-seven. he had read the Bible sixtyseven times. Cavce's religious interests quickly grew into an intense spiritual search which led him far beyond his own denomination:
More and more I sought the companionship of teachers and ministers that chance brought my way, ministers of all creeds and denominations. I remember very well some discussions I had in my earlier years with a very devout Mormon. who was forced to leave the colony when there was the passage of the law that no one could have more than one wife. Also I remember very well the conversations I had with an elder in the Methodist Church. and ministers in the Baptist, the Presbyterian. the Christian. the Unitarian. and the Congregationalist churches. For some time I was with a priest of the Catholic church, seeking I knew not what. Is it any wonder I was called peculiar by my schoolmates?(12)Following Disciples custom. Cayce was baptised by immersion at the age of thirteen (in 1890). This is lightly said. but the event could have only come after Cayce specifically requested it. having pondered the decision in his heart and felt moved by the Holy Spirit to declare himself a believer. One can only imagine what the experience must have meant to a boy with such strong spiritual inclinations. Shortly afterward, while Cayce was reading his Bible in a secluded spot near his home.
...there was a sudden humming sound out side and bright light fill the little place where eddy sat, and a figure all in white bright as the noon day light, and the figure spoke--saying your prayers have been heard. what would you ask of me, that I may give it to you,--just that I may be helpful to others, especially to children who are ill, and that I may love my fellow man,and the figure was gone.(13)Cayce's memoirs describe this incident only vaguely. Sugrue's characterization of the visitor as a feminine angel is widely remembered in ARE circles, while Bro doubts this and remembers Cayce denying that this luminous figure or presence had any discernable gender.(14) Whatever its nature, the entity seems to have offered Cayce a wish, whereupon he asked to become a healer.
The following day there occurred his famous "spelling-book incident." Cayce, who was never much of a student to begin with, now found himself hopelessly distracted from his spelling lesson:
In school next day eddy missed his lessons as usual--and had to remain to write the word cabin 500 times on blackboard, and when he arrived at home that evening his Father was waiting for him--eddy studied his lessons in the evening but seemed not to be able to concentrate,at about llthat even he had the first experience of hearing the voice with-in--and it recalled the voice of the visitor of the evening befor-but it said"Sleep and we may help you" eddy asked his Father to let him sleep five minuets,he slept and at the end of the time eddy knew every word in that particular speller.(15)Cayce's father made generous use of corporal punishment as a teaching aid, so that Edgar received "many a buff and rebuff" before the incident was finally resolved.(16) As a result of his newfound guidance.
Not only was I able to spell all the words in the lesson, but any word in that particular book; not only spell them, but tell on what page and what line each word could be found, and how it was marked ... they appeared before my eyes as recited.(17)Cayce's father then proceeded to beat him again, this time for having concealed his ability to spell.
Cayce soon found that he could do the same thing with any book. For his eighth-grade graduation ceremony he showed off his ability by reciting an hour-and-a-half-long speech that their visiting congressman, James "Quinnine Jim" MacKenzie, had given against the quinnine tariff. Some details of these incidents suggest that Cayce's mysterious ability to absorb the contents of books may have simply been a photographic memory. For example, he could use his ability to memorize detailed printed information (e.g. page numbers). but not to learn subjects like grammar or mathematics. While other people with this ability do not need to leave the conscious state in order to activate it. there is no reason to think that it could not have worked this way for Cayce. At any rate such an explanation would spare us the necessity of invoking such things as angels or the akashic plane. Sugrue and Bro add that Cayce placed the speller under his head--as if learning could somehow occur by osmosis--but this is not found in any of Cayce's own accounts. On the other hand. Bro reports testing this ability of Cayce's many years later with a review copy of Hans Vincent's Lighted Passage which Bro had just received in the mail and not yet read. Cayce reportedly took the book in hand without opening it (or going into trance). and gave what Bro recalls as an excellent summary of its contents.(18)
At fifteen (in 1892) Cayce gave what many regard as his first reading. Following the urgings of his teacher, Professor Thom. Cayce (who was inexperienced at sports) attempted to join other boys in a game of "Old Sow," only to be hit on the head by a baseball:
Someone must have struck me in the middle of my spine or the back of my head, for I remembered nothing that happened the rest of the day--though it was said that I rather mechanistically went through all the activities throughout classes. It was nothing unusual for me to be peculiar to the rest of them, but in the evening my sister had to lead me home.(19)That evening he acted more and more strangely, until at one point he called for a poultice to be applied to the back of his head. His mother did as he asked. and by the next morning he had recovered. The incident was soon forgotten by his family, only to be recalled later when his psychic abilities eventually surfaced in full force.
At sixteen. Cayce fell in love with a girl named Bessie Kenner, who unfortunately did not share his spiritual values. He tried to tell her about his visions.
... but all seemed to fall on deaf ears--for Bess laughed at him and his misterious tale, and plainly told him she liked him, but didnt care for all these unnatural things to her. she liked to play and romp go to parties go buggy riding, sit and talk, dance, go places for entertainment, this was a sad sad day for eddy, again and again he tried to tell her he loved her wanted her for his wife, home, to build for themselves a place in the world of life and activity--Oh said he I know we are just children as yet, but I can study hard, and be something--maybe the best preacher in the country, we will have a church like Old Liberty, and a lovely garden and fields of pretty crops and the like, but Bess laughed the more--she would never be a preacher's wife--and besides this foolishness of seeing things wasnt right, only crazy people talked about such things, besides Dad says you are not right in the head and can never come to any good end--even if you grow up to be a man-I want a real man a man of the world, that will go out and be something-, not a dreamer of dreams, not one that likes the Bible better than a good love story, one that would make me love him by force, take me in his arms and make love to me, kiss me and make me love him and you, you think all such is foolishness, that is life that is what ever girl hopes for.Later Cayce confronted Bess's father. a local doctor- about his feelings for Bess:
Eddy--said he, you are a good boy, but you are just a kid not 16 vet are you Oh yes--was sixteen last Mar, said eddy, well any way says the Dr you are too young to think of getting married--while it is the wish of every Father that his daughters marry a fine upstanding man, one well thought of in every sense of the word--but he must be a man eddy... you should be like other boys--be with other boys, you never played marbel--spun a top--threw a ball, or did any of the things other boys do--dont you feel the difference when you are with other boys, but you do nt go with other boys do you, do that and after four five years come talk with me again.(20)Determined to follow the doctor's advice, Cayce fell in with Tom Andrews, a macho former cowboy who boarded in his house and seemed to enjoy some familiarity with worldly vices. For example, Cayce recalls catching a stray bullet in the collarbone in the aftermath of a craps game which the two of them attended.(21) After Andrews left for the West in the company of another man's fiancee. Cayce attempted to attend the circus in Hopkinsville. even after his God-fearing neighbor had warned him that the circus was "a weapon of the Devil." Fortunately, divine intervention temporarily immobilized Cayce's pony in the manner of Balaam's ass, forcing Cayce to return safely home, whereupon he solemnly resolved not to be such a hell-raiser.(22) As for his relationship with Bess, we hear nothing more on the subject.
Cayce's formal education came to an end after his eighth-grade year, since Beverly Academy did not teach the higher grades and his family could not afford to send him elsewhere. Cayce, not wanting his sisters to be similarly deprived of a high school education. urged his parents to move to Hopkinsville. which they did in 1893. From that time on the family finances would be perpetually problematic. Meanwhile, Cayce went to work on his grandmother's farm under the management of his uncle, Edgar T. Cayce, partly in order to help support his sisters' education. (In order to distinguish between them people took to referring to Cayce as "Edgar Cayce, Jr.") In August of 1893 Cayce's angel (if that is what it was) appeared to him again, urging him to leave the farm to be with his mother.(23) Cayce immediately quit and began walking the thirteen or fourteen miles into town. That very evening Cayce joined his family in Hopkinsville.
Although he had been to "Hoptown" before, it is instructive to reflect on the impression it must have made on the sixteen-year-old Beverly native. Hopkinsville, a regional agnicultural hub and Christian County seat, boasted a census population of 5.833) in 1890, 7.280 in 1900, and 9.419 in 1910.(24) In Beverly everybody knew each other. Not so in Hopkinsville, although most people probably had at least one friend in common with most others within their racial community (Hopkinsville being approximately two-thirds white and one-third black at the time). Beverly had only a handful of non-residential buildings. Hopkinsville boasted a regular downtown area with three- or four-story buildings. tobacco warehouses, mills, brokerage offices. newspapers, stables. stores. hotels and boarding houses. restaurants and bars, a theater. a courthouse. a jail, a sprawling mental hospital. a civic auditorium (Union Tabernacle, where Cayce heard such notables as Theodore Roosevelt. John Philip Sousa. Booker T. Washington. and William Jennings Bryan), a railroad station. at least half a dozen fraternal orders, several colleges (South Kentucky College, Bethel Female College, Hopkinsville Male & Female College after 1899) and more than a dozen churches. The Ninth Street Christian Church, which the Cayces attended, had everything that Old Liberty did not: gothic architecture, a choir, an organ (installed in 1887. over the protests of some forty members), a baptistry, stained glass windows, a full-time minister (J.W. IMitcheil until 1896, then Harry D. Smith until 1914), and a full range of Sunday School and prayer group activities for adults. I propose that Edgar's experience of Ninth Street Christian. which must have impressed him with its many seeming improvements over Old Liberty, opened him up to a corresponding expansion of his understanding of the Bible and theology.
Given Cayce's ability (whatever its nature) to effortlessly absorb the contents of books, it seems inevitable that Cayce would have attempted to acquire religious knowledge in this way. While Cayce lacked the education or funds to pursue his hoped-for career as a Disciples of Christ minister, less formal resources were available to him. The day after his arrival in Hopkinsville Cayce searched for a town-based job, and found one with E.H. Hopper & Son Bookstore, which from 1874 to 1913 also housed Hopkinsville's collection of public library books.(25) His biographers add that he initially offered to work without pay, and did such a good job that the owners were essentially embarrassed into paying him a salary. Cayce himself records that his Bible had come from the Hopper store.(26) There "seemed to be something appealing" about the bookstore, and Cayce recalls that "the several years I remained there seemed to be the stepping stones: yea. even the door. to life itself."(27) without explaining why. For him, farming represented
the expression of materiel things for sustaining of the physical man-and these here in the store for sustaining the mental man.but was there not beauty in both-were they for the same persons. or is there one thought for the city or town man and another for the toiler of the soil.no the basic truth are the same they are different phases of mans experience.and must be treated as one.or so eddy reasoned...(28)Years later, while entranced, Cayce would often envision the akashic records as shelves of books.
Those Cayce writers who argue that the pre-Dayton Cayce could not have been influenced by occult books since none were spotted on his own bookshelves, miss an obvious and crucial possibility--namely that Cayce read such books while working as a bookstore clerk. Here it is important to realize that while Cayce was certainly able to read (and possibly gifted with perfect recall), he would probably not have been capable of discerning whether a particular book was sober and realistic or highly speculative in its argument. In that sense he was uneducated.
The Hopper store served as something of a social center for young people attending the local academies and colleges:
... to be sure many were the friendships made that ripened into love, eddy became the post office for may a note between girls and boys from either school, and he was invited to the social hours quite often.(29)1. Beverly's relative isolation is illustrated by the fact that Rural Free Delivery of mail became available only in 190 1. and that gravel turnpikes (many of them freed after 190 1) were the main arteries which connected Beverly with Hopkinsville and other points. Christian County would not have its first paved road until 1932.
2. Brooks Major, History of Liberty Christian Church. p. 16.
3. Stephan Schwartz, "Edgar Cayce: A Revisionist Perspective," in A. Robert Smith et al., Griffin report.
4. For example, in 1923 the sleeping Cayce was asked, "Why is It not possible to take a reading on a negro?" (Over the years Cayce knowingly gave only a handful of readings for black people, although others may have received theirs through the mail without alerting Cayce to their race.) The answer: "For the same reason that it would be impossible to teach a dog to talk" (3744-1). Cayce went on to describe negroes as being lower in vibration or soul-evolution. In a 1938 reading in answer to an -inquirer who wanted to know whether to hire a white housekeeper or a black one, Cayce replied that "White. of course. is preferable to the colored: if this is in keeping with the purposes and desires" (257-277). Gladys Davis speculates in a note attached to the first reading that Cayce may have been influenced by racist ideas in the mind of the conductor of the reading, in this case his father.
5. Edgar Cayce, 95-pp. memoirs, p. 4.
6. Two works on the Bell Witch are Bell, The Bell Witch: and Brent Monahan. The Bell Witch: An American Haunting. So far as I am aware, none of these people are related to me.
7. Edgar Cayce, 47-pp. memoirs, p. I.
8. Edgar Cayce, 95-pp. memoirs. p. I
9. Ibid., p. 1)
10. Harmon Bro, A Seer Our of Season, p. 271. The " five- fingered plan of salvation" derives its name from evangelist Walter Scott's habit of enumerating on his fingers five steps on the way to salvation: faith, repentance, baptism, remission of sins, and the gift of the Holy Spirit. The first three items constitute the believer's responsibilities: the last two represent God's half of the agreement, i.e. the benefits which God promises to provide those who meet the first three conditions. Where other revivalists sometimes suggested that the moment of salvation would be accompanied by an emotional spiritual experience. for those who did not have such an experience Scott's rationalist formulation eliminated much spiritual uncertainty.
11. Brooks Major, The History of Liberty Christian Church, p.18.
12. Edgar Cayce, 95-pp. memoirs. p. 3.
13. Edgar Cayce, 47-pp. memoirs. p. 3.
14. Harmon Bro, A Seer Out of Season, p. 277,
15. Edgar Cayc,. 47-pp. memoirs. p. 3.
16, Edgar Cayce, 95-pp. memoirs. p. 6.
17. Ibid.. pp. 6-7.
18. Harmon Bro, telephone conversation, 1997.
19. Edgar Cayce, 95-pp. memoirs, p. 7.
20. Edgar Cayce, 47-pp. memoirs: pp. 6-7.
21. Ibid.. pp. 8-9.
22. Ibid.. pp. 9-10.
23. Ibid., p. 12.
24. William T. Turner. Gatewav From the Past, vol. II, p. 5.
25. Ibid.. p. 10.
26. Edgar Cayce, 47-pp. memoirs, p. 13.
27. Edgar Cayce. 95-pp. memoirs, p. 10.
28. Edgar Cayce. 47-pp. memoirs, p. 13.
29. Ibid., p.
Cayce's Secret, Part 1
May 16, 2003